An exciting Passover ceremony was held in the refugee camp • The ship 'Exodus' ► Watch

Ruthie Segal • Goddess of the fruitfulness of creation • Haifa painter and curator

Ruthi Segal's paintings, her house, and treasures from her age are infused with...

Huge flats of Perna Perna oysters have been discovered in Haifa Bay

(Live here in the sea) - There is a lot of talk about immigration to Israel...

life shortener A short story Ilan Segal

Where did we get the audacity to do such a dangerous thing without moving...

Nordau Street, the first pedestrian street in the city of Haifa • Yossi Lubalski

The reincarnation of a passage that mixed entertainment and leisure was copied into concrete complexes...

The next generation for post-trauma: on intergenerational transmission, on anxiety and survival

The second generation For people who have experienced trauma, every event leaves a mark, there are...
Banner Gordon 230524
Banner - 41st Kiryat Bialik march - Saturday, 1/6/24 - Rahav
Banner Kiryat Ata Azmatwa 080524

'Exodus', a symbol of bravery and determination

There was a great deal of excitement last Friday (April 12.4.2024, XNUMX) in the morning hours at the immigration camp at Atlit: dozens of immigrants from the ship 'Exodus' and their families gathered before Passover to tell the story of the 'Exodus from Egypt' - the story of the arduous journey of the immigration ship 'Exodus'.

The refugee Zeev Arnon and a member of the Exodus Heritage team, a meeting at the refugee camp Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
The refugee Zeev Arnon and a member of the Exodus Heritage team, a meeting at the refugee camp Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus refugee Zehava Belizovsky and her daughter at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus refugee Zahva Solomon and her daughter at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

'Exodus' Enlighteners

The "Exodus" became a symbol of the immigration period thanks to the immigrants and the crew members who came from all over the world and stood for two months with bravery, determination and courage and did not allow their spirit to be broken. They became a symbol and example of the love of the people and homeland, for Zionism and the connection between all parts of the Jewish people.

As a documenter of the life stories of the older generation, I often meet with refugees and Holocaust survivors, including 'Exodus' refugees. I am full of appreciation and admiration for these humble and heroic people, members of the Nefilim generation. Among the 'Exodus' refugees I met there were also the refugees Tsipora Belizovsky 91 years old, born in Poland and resident of Haifa. Tzipora remembers well the journey of hardships she went through as a girl, including fighting against the British with the meager means that were on the ship and their transfer in the deportation ships.

Exodus Tzipora Belizovsky's immigration at a meeting at the immigration camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus Tzipora Belizovsky's immigration at a meeting at the immigration camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

'Exodus' Epil Tzipora Belizovsky tells of her memories Watch

Dear Pullman, Soon to be 90 years old, born in Minsk (now Belarus), a dentist by profession, tells about crossing the borders with the help of members of the escape movement. "We were imbued with faith that we were on our way to Eretz Yisrael, our homeland." About the moment she saw the beaches of Haifa she says: "It was a defining moment..." They bought me a small ring that I was happy with. I made a vow, when I saw the beaches of Haifa and the lights, that if we managed to get there, I would throw my beloved ring into the sea. Finally the ring stayed with me..."  

Exodus refugee Ahuva Pullman at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus refugee Ahuva Pullman at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

'Exodus' pilot Ahova Pullman tells about the fighting on board Watch

The order of the Exodus Haggadah – An exciting tradition

The 'Exodus' Haggadah seder hosted in the Atlit camp is the fourth in number, after similar gatherings were held in Kibbutz Ein Hamfaretz, Kiryat Ono, Kfar Saba and also in Atlit, with the aim of facilitating the arrival of the applicants and turning the event into a permanent tradition. among the participants in the event as well Rivka and Yona Yahav, Mayor of Haifa. Her parents Rivka, Zina and Dov Burstein, were among the 'Exodus' pilgrims.   

At the beginning of the meeting, the members of the 'Exodus' team, who have been working since 2017 to pass on the important heritage in a variety of activities in Israel and the world, including conferences and lectures, assistance in erecting monuments and memorial plaques, heritage trips and more, greeted those present. In 2021, the members of the team produced the 'Exodus Haggadah' to tell the story of the immigrants and the path of the Hathatim from their departure from Europe to their final arrival in the Land of Israel.

Seder Hagad Exodus at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Seder Hagad Exodus at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Photo - Rivka and Yona Yahav at the gathering of 'Exodus' 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (photo: Yael Horowitz)
Photo - Rivka and Yona Yahav at the 'Exodus' Seder Haggadah meeting 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

The exciting event was hosted Itzhak (איציק) Roseman, son of Mordechai Roseman, one of the leaders of the 'Habricha' movement and the leader of the 'Exodus' shipwreckers, and Jacob (Yankela) Weiman, the son of the 'Exodus' qualifier, Olga Gantz who volunteered to assist in the ship's clinic throughout the voyage.  

During the next two hours, the story of 'Exodus' was told through passages read by the ship's crew and their descendants from the 'Exodus Haggadah' and the songs of the period were sung with vigor and excitement by those present. Among the readers of the excerpts from the Haggadah 'Exodus' was Dina Tevel, whose father, Shlomo Tobol, headed the 'Exodus' group of activists from North Africa, read excerpts about the group's activities. Haley Alon, daughter of Lenny Sheklar, one of the American volunteers on the 'Exodus', read passages concerning the activities of the American volunteers on the ship.

Seder Hagad Exodus at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Seder Hagad Exodus at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

About the American volunteers Watch

Tzipi Portnoy, daughter of the 'Exodus' activists, told about her birth in the concentration camp in Germany. Nice pass, daughter of the 'Exodus' sailors, told about her birth on the deportation ship during the struggle with the British in the port of Hamburg in Germany. Esther Rubinstein who was 10 years old on the 'Exodus', read excerpts from her diary.  

Yaffe Pess tells about her birth on the deportation ship Watch

Itzik Rozman, his sons and granddaughters read passages concerning the actions of their father-grandfather, the leader of the 'Exodus' raiders, Mordechai Roseman. Ofra Roseman Read a passage from the diary of the refugee Hana Abrotsky who passed away about three weeks ago. Jacob Weiman, son of the Exodus crew, added a section of his mother's story about the deportation ship on its way to Germany. Niva Ashkenazi The HaBriha heritage association read excerpts referring to the activities of the movement that after the war took care of more than a quarter of a million refugees in Europe and transferred them to the immigration ships.

The Rozman family, Seder Hagad Exodus in the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz
The Rozman family, Seder Hagad Exodus in the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz
Maapil Exodus, Moshe Ryder, Seder Hagad Exodus at the Maapil camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Maapil Exodus, Moshe Ryder, Seder Hagad Exodus at the Maapil camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

Exciting closing of the circle

Zeev Arnon, Maafil Exodus, excitedly told about his feelings at the ceremony of removing the lot from the commemorative plaque in Germany in which some of the ship's maafil took part. "When we arrived it was a camp of the German Navy and there were German soldiers there... they invited us to lunch. This time I am sitting as a proud Israeli citizen at the table and German soldiers are serving us food! It was a very moving full circle."

Maapil Exodus Zeev Arnon tells about the commemoration ceremony in Germany Watch

Raise anchor and drink - five glasses of 'cheers'

Among the reading passages, the wine glasses that were raised as a tribute to the pilgrims for the arduous journey they had to go through were not missed. 

first cup - We will raise anchor and drink a glass of wine in honor of the founders of the 'Habricha' organization: the partisans, the ghetto fighters, the 'Asians' and Holocaust survivors who were joined over time by Jewish soldiers in the allied armies, the 'Joint' organization, soldiers of the Jewish Brigade and emissaries from Israel.

We raised anchor and had a first glass Watch


First glass in honor of the members of the HaBriha organization. Seder Hagad Exodus, 12.4.24 (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
First glass in honor of the members of the HaBriha organization. Seder Hagad Exodus, 12.4.24 (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

All together, with courage and resourcefulness and out of a sense of mission and responsibility, chose to stay on European soil and help their brothers in the difficult days and hours after the end of the war. Their slogan was: "With no borders, no roads, we will row and penetrate your homeland".  

A second glass - We will raise anchor and drink a glass of wine in honor of the buyers of the ship, in honor of the people of the "Mossad La Aliya B" and in honor of the hundreds of unknown Frenchmen who helped bring the immigrants to the ship.

We raise anchor and drink a glass of wine - Seder Hagad Exodus in the refugee camp at Atlit (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
We raise anchor and drink a glass of wine - Seder Hagad Exodus in the refugee camp at Atlit (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

A third cup - We will raise anchor and drink a glass of wine in honor of the ship's crew, the people of the PALM and the many volunteers and in memory of the martyrs of the battle against the British and the refugees who died during the voyage.

A fourth cup - We will lift anchor and drink a glass of wine for the life of the real heroes: 4,554 'Exodus' sailors!

Exodus refugee Dov Kashnovsky and his son at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus refugee Dov Kashnovsky and his son at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

A fifth cup - We dropped anchor in the Land of Israel and drank a glass of wine in honor of our family members and for the life of the State of Israel. We will all know how to continue the legacy of 'Exodus', contribute and be part of the special human mosaic that makes up Israeli society and the State of Israel.

מOrganize for the trip

In 1946, the Mossad for Aliya B in the United States purchased an old ship that was for sale for scrap. The ship was built for recreational cruising on rivers and was designed to carry 500 passengers and crew members. After renovation, she was prepared for sailing in the ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, and she is designed to carry over 4500 pilgrims. During that entire period, British intelligence closely followed the renovation operations and the transfer of the ship from the United States to Europe.

The 'Exodus' begins

On July 11, 1947, the ship set out from the port of Set Asher in southern France with 4,554 immigrants on board, most of them Holocaust survivors, including about 50 young Zionists from North Africa who were in a training camp in France for absorption and fulfillment in a kibbutz in the Land of Israel. Religious and secular, ultra-Orthodox and traditional, the people of Hashomer Hatzair alongside Bnei Akiva. Babies, children, young people and adults. A wonderful group of people who on one day, the 10nd of Tammuz 1947, July XNUMX, XNUMX, boarded a small ship in a small port in the south of France and began the voyage towards the Land of Israel.

Filled with hope and elation, they boarded the ship. With this, they thought their wanderings throughout Europe ended, wanderings that began with the outbreak of World War II and continued during the Holocaust. With the end of the war, the gates of the concentration camps and extermination camps were opened, but the British locked the gates of Israel. At this point, the end of World War II, our story begins. This is a story of wandering, of ascension and above all of heroism.

The ship was led by 8 PLM men alongside 42 sailors, most of them Jewish volunteers from the United States. As soon as the voyage began, British destroyers attached themselves to the ship and a patrol plane hovered above it.

On the night of July 18, 1947, when the ship approached the shores of Israel, the British destroyers attacked it. In the battle that developed, 2 qualifiers and a volunteer team member from the United States were killed. All three are buried in the cemetery in Haifa in the section of the burial grounds. Over 100 applicants were injured in the battle. The ship was brought to the port of Haifa, the immigrants were put on three British cargo ships and sent west.

Exodus qualifier Zalman Drori Watch

the deportation

Unlike the British policy until that time, this time the illegal immigrants were not deported to Cyprus. They were sent to France, the country from where 'Exodus' set sail. For about four weeks, the British deportation ships stood off the coast of France when the illegal immigrants, who stayed in difficult conditions on the ship, refuse to get off and resolutely demand: "Only the Land of Israel!"

Towards the end of August, the British Foreign Minister decided to deport the illegal immigrants back to Germany to the British zone of control. On September 7, 1947, about two months from the day they set out, the three deportation ships arrived at the port of Hamburg in Germany and the immigrants were sent to detention camps under the guard of British soldiers.

home Watch

The 'Exodus' affair ended only a year later when the last of the refugees left the camps in Germany on their way again to the Land of Israel, this time to the newly formed State of Israel.

Exodus refugees at a meeting at the refugee camp in Atlit 12.4.24/XNUMX/XNUMX Watch


Exodus refugees in Hagad Exodus order at the Atlit refugee camp (Photo: Yael Horowitz)
Exodus refugees in Hagad Exodus order at the Atlit refugee camp (Photo: Yael Horowitz)

Contact Chai here: At watsapBy email

Yael Horowitz
Yael Horowitz
Yael Horowitz, records life stories and commemorations of the older generation, produces books and historical exhibitions for families, organizations and companies. Photography and documentation. Consulting and workshops for writing life stories in small groups. To contact Yael Horowitz, "Mash'oli Haim": 050-3266760 | [email protected] For all articles by Yael Horowitz

More articles from the same reporter

18 תגובות

  1. Interesting and exciting article. My father, the late Naftali Frankel, and his brother, the late Yaakov, were also Exodus pilgrims, and the subject is fascinating. There were video clips in the article that were not available for viewing... too bad.
    Thank you happy birthday.

    • Hello Dekla,
      First, thank you for your words.
      Have you relayed the story of your father and uncle to the Exodus Heritage team?
      If not, I suggest doing so, along with photos if any, for the sake of passing on the important legacy of your family members.
      As for your comment: I have included in the article many video clips taken by me at the exciting event, all of which are available for viewing.
      The site has been upgraded in the last few days, you may have tried to view this time.
      Please try to watch them again, if you are unable to watch one of the segments, mention it and we will check again.

  2. A great article about the giant immigrants to whom we owe all the good things we have here!
    An exciting and important event especially in this period.
    And to the Exodus team - keep it up and continue to be a source of inspiration for all of us.
    Amir Rogel - Maafili organization of Cyprus

  3. A great article about the giant immigrants to whom we owe all the good things we have here!
    An exciting and important event especially in this period.
    And to the Exodus team - keep it up and continue to be a source of inspiration for all of us.
    Amir Rogel - Maafili organization of Cyprus

  4. dear lion,
    Thank you for the kind words and your important words.
    Compilation of the Exodus Haggadah close to the current Passover is symbolic and powerful.
    May God grant that we will have the return of the abductees in the coming holidays.

  5. There is nothing more moving and corresponding with the holiday of freedom than the wonderful story of the immigrant ship Exodus.
    Her writing and coverage in the words and pictures of Yael Horowitz touches everyone and connects immigrants and immigrants.
    The legacy of the illegal immigration, it is important to expand and say in the order of Pesach 2024 precisely in such troubled days at a time when we wish for the return of freedom to the abductees to the abductees in Gaza and their return home... that we will know good days.

  6. Thank you Yael for a touching and moving article, thank you Yitzhak and Yaakov and the entire Exodus heritage team for the place and the warm hug to every operator and always qualifying. You are all champions!
    Merry Christmas💕

  7. Hello dear Rachel,
    Thank you for your words, moving.
    I suggest you pass on the legacy of Exodus to the team
    Your father's story with pictures, if any
    (If you haven't already, of course).

  8. Hello. I was excited to read. I have a connection to the Exodus and not as an immigrant, but my father was active on it in Marseille, one of the people who took care of the ship. He was French by origin and was therefore recruited from Israel for the Mossad's activities in France.

    • Rachel.
      We would love to hear your father's story. We have several photos that we received from a family of "ground crew" people in France.
      Our email [email protected]

  9. Dear Itzik and Yaakov, thank you for the kind words.
    May we all continue the work of passing on the important heritage.
    The freedom that the exodus fighters fought for with bravery and determination
    Important to mention especially in these troubled days...

  10. Without a doubt, Yael's writing is extremely moving. Yael knows how to touch the sensitive points and give the stage to the real stars who are the stars of the exodus.
    Continue the holy work you are doing 🌹🙏

    • Strong
      We don't have your mother's story.
      We would be happy if you put it in writing, attach photos (if any) and upload it to our website - the "Family Stories" tab.
      Our email [email protected]
      Thanks
      Jacob Weiman (Exodus Heritage Team)

Leave a comment

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

All the articles are alive

The end to parking cars on the sidewalks • Taking care of the experience of pedestrians in Haifa

The "Streets of Haifa" group started a move aimed at improving the experience of pedestrians in the public space. On Tuesday 21/05/2024, the first meeting of the group was held, which decided...

Ben Moshiach / or simply Moshiach - classical wall artist

Ben was not born in Haifa, but he is the most Haifai there is. He moved to Haifa about a decade ago, and since then he has been dictating the tone of independent and Haifa work. The medium...

LG Baumer in Kiryat Ata

The municipality of Kiryat Ata has trained about 40 compounds for lighting bonfires throughout the city in preparation for the Feast of Omer. The municipality has trained about 40 compounds for lighting bonfires throughout the city (you can...

Diverse camps and a summer camp in English for Kiryat Ata students

In light of the success of the project in previous years, this year (2024) the municipality of Kiryat Ata will operate the summer camp in English (Summer School) for the first time at a subsidized price of NIS 650...

how do you….. sleep? • A bedroom just for sleeping and "stopping distance" - tips on how to sleep better

How do you feel? What's new? These are the questions we have been struggling to answer for a long time. The answer is usually either "okay" like half-baked, or "like...